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EU VAT number formats

Once a company has received approval for an VAT number, see our EU VAT Number Registration briefing, it will receive a VAT number.

Each EU member country has a slightly different format for their VAT number system, featuring a variation of numbers and letters. It is important that companies take close care in using the correct format as the numbers are frequently checked against the VIES system, and errors may create delays or even fines.  Country codes, two letters, are inserted before the VAT number if the company is using the number for the purposes of intra-community trade.

 

 

Below is a summary of the standard formats for each EU country.

EU VAT Number Formats

EU countryCountry codeVAT number format
AustriaATU123456789 characters
The first character is always a ‘U’
BelgiumBE123456789010 characters
Prefix with zero ‘0’ if the customer provides a 9 digit VAT number
BulgariaBG
123456789
1234567890
9 or 10 characters
CroatiaHR1234567890111 characters
CyprusCY12345678X9 characters
The last character must always be a letter
Czech RepublicCZ12345678
123456789
1234567890
8, 9 or 10 characters
If more than 10 characters are provided delete the first 3
DenmarkDK123456788 characters
Estonia EE1234567899 characters
FinlandFI123456788 characters
FranceFR12345678901
X1234567890
1X123456789
XX123456789
11 characters
May include alphabetical characters (any except O or I) as first or second or first and second characters.
GermanyDE1234567899 characters
GreeceEL1234567899 characters
HungaryHU123456788 characters
IrelandIE1234567WA (companies)
1234567FA (individuals)
8 or 9 characters
Includes one or two alphabetical characters (last, or second and last, or last 2)
ItalyIT1234567890111 characters
LatviaLV1234567890111 characters
LithuaniaLT123456789
123456789012
9 or 12 characters
LuxembourgLU123456788 characters
MaltaMT123456788 characters
NetherlandsNL123456789B0112 characters
The 10th character is always B
PolandPL123456789010 characters
PortugalPT1234567899 characters
RomaniaRO123456789010 characters
SlovakiaSK123456789010 characters
SloveniaSI123456788 characters
SpainESX12345678
12345678X
X1234567X
9 characters
Includes 1 or 2 alphabetical characters (first or last or first and last)
SwedenSE12345678901212 characters
United KingdomUK1234567899 characters
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